Oracle Linux is an open and complete operating environment that
helps accelerate digital transformation. It delivers leading
performance and security for hybrid and multi cloud deployments.
Oracle Linux is 100% application binary compatible with Red Hat
Enterprise Linux. And, with an Oracle Linux Support subscription,
customers have access to award-winning Oracle support resources
and Linux support specialists, zero-downtime patching with Ksplice,
cloud native tools such as Kubernetes and Kata Containers, KVM
virtualization and oVirt-based virtualization manager, DTrace,
clustering tools, Spacewalk, Oracle Enterprise Manager, and lifetime
support. All this and more is included in a single cost-effective
support offering. Unlike many other commercial Linux distributions,
Oracle Linux is easy to download and completely free to use, distribute, and update.
Latest Linux Innovations
Oracle Linux powers Oracle Autonomous Linux, extending autonomous
capabilities to Linux. Oracle Autonomous Linux is the first and only autonomous operating environment that helps greatly reduce complexity and human error to deliver increased cost savings, security, and availability for customers. Oracle Linux comes with a choice of two kernels, the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel (UEK), which is installed and enabled by default, and the Red Hat Compatible Kernel. UEK tracks the latest Linux kernel releases, supplying more innovation than other commercial Linux kernels while providing binary compatibility with applications certified to run on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). UEK is designed for enterprise workloads requiring stability, scalability, and performance, such as Oracle Database.
Oracle Linux is a great platform for application development and deployment.
Oracle Linux delivers advanced features for supporting and optimizing the latest
enterprise hardware and software. For example:
- Ksplice Zero Downtime Updates – Available to Oracle Linux Premier
Support customers, Ksplice technology updates the kernels, hypervisors
and critical user space libraries without requiring a reboot or
interruption. Known Exploit Detection in Ksplice enables auditing and
alerting for known privilege escalation vulnerabilities. Only Oracle Linux
offers this unique capability, making it possible to keep up with important kernel and user space updates without the operational cost and disruption of rebooting for every update.
- Security and Compliance – Oracle Linux 7 has received both a Common
Criteria (CC) Certification and FIPS 140-2 validation of its cryptographic
modules. Oracle has implemented the published Security Technical
Implementation Guide (STIG) in Security Content Automation Protocol
- XFS File System – XFS is a journaling file system known for extreme
scalability with near native I/O performance. XFS is the default
filesystem for Oracle Linux 7 and 8.
Running Oracle Linux with UEK gives you additional advanced features and
security enhancements, including:
- Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel – UEK for Oracle Linux provides the
latest open source innovations and business-critical performance and
security optimizations for cloud and on-premises deployment. UEK
Release 6, based on the mainline Linux kernel version 5.4, is available on
Oracle Linux 7 and 8. This release also includes many upstream
- Containers and Orchestration – Oracle Linux Cloud Native
Environment is an integrated suite for the development and
management of cloud native applications. Based on the Open Container
Initiative (OCI) and Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF)
standards, Oracle Linux Cloud Native Environment delivers a simplified
framework for installations, updates, upgrades, and configuration of key
features for orchestrating microservices.
- DTrace is a comprehensive dynamic tracing framework that
provides a powerful infrastructure to permit administrators, developers,
and service personnel to concisely answer arbitrary questions about the
behavior of the operating system and user programs in real time.
- Persistent Memory (PMEM) – Oracle provides the latest full set of
Linux PMEM support beginning with Oracle Linux 7 with UEK Release 5.
- AMD Secure Memory Encryption (SME) – Beginning with UEK Release
5, Oracle Linux enables the hardware accelerated memory encryption,
available on AMD EPYC processor-based systems, for data-in-use
- Btrfs – The Btrfs file system is designed to meet the expanding
scalability requirements of large storage subsystems for Linux. It
provides copy-on-write functionality, checksum functionality,
transparent compression, transparent defragmentation, and integrated
logical volume management.
- Oracle Cluster File System 2 (OCFS2) – OCFS2 is a general purpose,
extent-based clustered file system that Oracle developed and
contributed to the Linux community. It provides high performance and
high availability, offering an open source, enterprise-class alternative to
proprietary cluster file systems.
- Data Integrity – Oracle Linux supports the T10 Protection Information
Model (T10-PIM) to help prevent silent data corruption.
Flexible Support Options, Higher Value
Oracle is the only vendor in the industry that offers a complete Linux-based
solution stack – applications, middleware, database, management tools,
operating system, virtualization, hardware, engineered systems, and cloud. With Oracle as your Linux support provider, you have a single point of contact for all your support needs. Oracle delivers enterprise-class support for Oracle Linux, including premier backports, indemnification and testing.
Oracle Support for Oracle Linux installations is significantly lower in cost than competing vendors’ Linux support. You are free to decide which of your systems should be covered by a support subscription, and at which level each of them should be supported. This makes Oracle Linux an ideal choice for both your development and production systems. You decide which support coverage is the
best for each of your systems individually, while keeping all of them up-to-date and secure with the same level of bug fixes and security errata.
Oracle Linux is also the Linux development standard at Oracle. The same Oracle products customers deploy in their data center and in the cloud were developed using Oracle Linux. In addition, Oracle understands mission-critical application
requirements and Oracle Linux is developed and tested to provide the reliability,
scalability, security, and performance for these demanding enterprise workloads
Oracle Linux Cloud Native Environment
Oracle Linux Cloud Native Environment is a curated set of open source software selected from open source projects such as those from the Cloud Native Computing Foundation. Oracle uses a process of curation, integration, testing, and developer preview to help ensure these solutions are enterprise grade prior to delivery to Oracle Linux Premier Support customers. Kubernetes, Kata Containers, Istio, and more are included and supported.
Virtualization Made Easy
With your Oracle Linux Support subscription there is no need to worry about whether the system will run as a physical or virtual instance because it is all included in the price of a single subscription. Users can run Oracle Linux on the host and as many Oracle Linux guest instances as desired, without additional cost.
Oracle Linux includes support for the Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM)
hypervisor, including support for Intel VT-x and VT-d hardware extensions along with the Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV) for AMD-V enabled processors. Oracle Linux Virtualization Manager is the server virtualization management platform that can be easily deployed to configure, monitor, and manage Oracle Linux KVM with enterprise-grade performance and support from Oracle.
Oracle VM VirtualBox is shipped with Oracle Linux. It is used by millions of
developers around the world to develop, test, and build virtual appliances. Customers develop applications on a desktop and easily deploy the software into Oracle Cloud and other cloud services.
Enterprise High Availability
Oracle Clusterware, an enterprise high availability software solution, is included with Oracle Linux Support subscriptions. Oracle Clusterware enables independent servers to operate together as a single system and provides high availability for both Oracle and third-party workloads.
Oracle also provides support for Corosync and Pacemaker, the de-facto standard open source high availability solution for Linux, along with support for HAproxy and keepalived which provide load balancing services.
Comprehensive Management Software
Oracle Enterprise Manager is a feature-rich systems and applications
management suite, capable of managing thousands of servers from a central and easy to use web-based interface. The base installation of Oracle Enterprise Manager is included with every Oracle Linux Support subscription at no additional cost.
To ease migrations from existing infrastructures, Oracle Linux also includes and
supports Spacewalk. Spacewalk provides an effective set of tools for managing the Oracle Linux software life cycle in small or large deployments. Spacewalk also helps you automate a kickstart installation, system configuration, and maintenance tasks, which enables you to rapidly deploy proven and consistent software configurations for Oracle Linux systems.
Additionally, customers have the option of using the Oracle OS Management
Service which provides tools to automate common operating system
management tasks such as patch and package management, and security and compliance reporting for Oracle Linux and Microsoft Windows compute instances deployed in Oracle Cloud.
Oracle Linux Partner Ecosystem
Oracle Linux is 100% application binary compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux, which means the vast majority of applications run unchanged on Oracle Linux. Oracle also works closely with industry leading ISV and IHV partners to enable fully tested, certified, and supported solutions for Oracle Linux and
virtualization customers. With an extensive ecosystem, customers can improve time to market and simplify deployment.
A thriving ISV ecosystem allows customers to rest assured that when they want to move workloads between different deployment models – Oracle Linux onpremises to Oracle Linux in the cloud – the transition can be virtually seamless.
The Hardware Compatibility Program helps ensure major and emerging server and storage hardware solutions are qualified on Oracle Linux and Oracle VM.
Established Member of the Linux Community
Oracle is committed to cultivating, supporting, and promoting popular open
source technologies that customers can confidently deploy in business-critical environments. Oracle is a platinum member of the Linux Foundation as well as a platinum member of CNCF.
Many of Oracle’s Linux engineers participate in the Linux community as
maintainers of projects in the upstream Linux source process, and work closely with other maintainers. This work helps to develop features and improvements that benefit Linux overall and can be delivered as part of Oracle Linux.
Free and Easy to Download, Install, Use, and Distribute
Oracle Linux can be downloaded, used, and distributed free of charge, with easy access to installation ISOs. Oracle provides access to the individual RPM packages, including security updates and bug fixes (errata) via yum repositories, without requiring a support subscription; excluding updates to Ksplice and Oracle Linux Extended Support, which may require Oracle Linux Premier or Extended Support. The source code of the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel is also available via public git repositories, providing a complete and detailed revision history (including patches and comments) of the operating system core.
Migrating from Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Migrating an existing system from RHEL to Oracle Linux is simple. There is no need to re-install the operating system or any application. Oracle can also take over support for your existing RHEL systems. Just follow the instructions outlined at https://linux.oracle.com/switch.html.